Tehran is known for having a huge population, density, air pollution, road traffic, and modern facilities in Iran. Tehran is the capital of Tehran province and Iran. It is also the largest city in Iran and has more than 13 million population. It is located approximately in the northern part of Iran on the hillside of ‘Tochal’ mountain and has several rivers flowing thorough the city. Because of its largeness, sometimes the weather of Tehran completely varies within the city. For instance, while it is snowing in the northern part of the city, it might be sunny or rainy in the south.
The history of Tehran dates back to Zand dynasty, and before then, Tehran was a village. Dominant History of Tehran as a city begins with Qajar dynasty. Agha-Mohamad-Khan-Qajar, the first king of the dynasty, chose Tehran as the capital because of its fertile plains, the presence of several rivers, and its moderate weather.
This city has been the capital of Iran during three different regimes for more than two hundred years.
Remarkable point: In this city people with various religious opinions and different races live together in peace and without any problem.
Tehran has several aspects making it unique like complexity of modern life, being a historical city , different temperature of the south and the north parts of the city, and winter sports near the city (in distance of 40min driving.)
Transportation in Tehran:
Transportation system in Tehran is well-organized and accessible, but in peak hours, it is a little insufficient for the population of Tehran.
Metro: Tourists have access to metro stations almost in every corner of the city. Metro is cheap, and it is very useful commuting through the city. Some stations have departures every one and a half minutes. Tehran metro has 6 lines available.
Bus: if you cannot access a place by bus or minibus, be sure, that place does not exist. Pars terminal, Azadi terminal, Meydan Khorasan terminal, terminal Khavaran, terminal Syed Khandan, Tajrish terminal, and Meydan Vanak are some important city terminals .
Note: to use public transportation system in Tehran like buses and metro, you must have transportation card or ticket sold in booths or kiosks in terminals or some stations.
Taxi: several kinds of taxi are available in Tehran: private taxis, shared taxis, snap, spot, 30pod, telephone ‘taxi agencies’, etc., each of which offers its own advantages to costumers.
Note: snap, spot, 30pod work exactly like Uber; you only need to download the app. They are safe and popular among Iranian people. The app is available both for iOs/android.
Some amazing tourist attractions in brief:
- Golestan palace (UNESCO world heritage site):
This site was added to UNESCO sites in 2013. This complex is a collection of several pavilions and buildings. Their construction dates back to Safavid era. This complex is known as the artistic masterpiece of Iranian art in Qajar dynasty.
- Grand bazaar
- Milad tower
- Tabia’at bridge
- National museum
- Sa’ad-Abad complex
- Niyavaran palace
- Jewelry museum
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